Oxycodone products are prescription painkillers used to eradicate moderate to severe pain. These products are classified as a Schedule II narcotic according to the Federal Controlled Substance Act of 1970.
Oxycodone is subject to international conventions on narcotic drugs. In addition, oxycodone is subject to national laws that differ by country.
The 1931 Convention for Limiting the Manufacture and Regulation the Distribution of Narcotic Drugs of the League of Nations included oxycodone but incorrectly called it “dihydrohydrooxycodeinone” instead of “dihydrohydroxycodeinone.” The 1931 convention was replaced by the 1961 Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs of the United Nations and they categorized oxycodone in Schedule I. Global restrictions on Schedule I drugs include “limit[ing] exclusively to medical and scientific purposes the production, manufacture, export, import, distribution of, trade in, use and possession of” these drugs; “requir[ing] medical prescriptions for the supply or dispensation of [these] drugs to individuals”; and “prevent[ing] the accumulation” of quantities of these drugs “in excess of those required for the normal conduct of business.”
United States of America
Oxycodone has a high potential for abuse making it a Schedule II drug under the Controlled Substance Act of 1970. It is in this category because oxycodone has a common medical use. However, its use does come with severe restrictions because it is easily habit-forming. Schedule II drugs can be administered only with a written prescription from a licensed practitioner, except in certain situations (prescription called in via telephone, prescription dispensed by practitioner, other than a pharmacist, or “emergency situations”) according to section 829 of the Act. It also specifies that prescriptions falling into the Schedule II category cannot be refilled.
Many states have made efforts to abolish the illegal use of oxycodone.
The following states have enacted legislation concerning oxycodone:
The following states have established prescription-monitoring programs:
The Misuse of Drugs Act 1971 classifies oxycodone as a Class A drug, which are drugs considered to be “most likely to cause harm.” If a person is found with oxycodone but not a prescription for it, they could face an unlimited fine, up to seven years in prison, or both. Illegal dealing of the drug is punishable by life imprisonment, paying an unlimited fine or both. However, oxycodone is a Schedule II drug according to the Misuse of Drug Regulations 2001, which provides certain exemptions from the provisions of the Misuse of Drugs Act 1971.
According to the Controlled Drugs and Substances Act, oxycodone is a Schedule I drug. This means that every person who seeks or obtains the drug or a written prescription for the drug from a practitioner must notify that practitioner of all other controlled and or prescriptions drugs they have obtained within the preceding 30 days. If they do not comply this person could be found guilty of “indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term not exceeding seven years.” If a person is in possession of oxycodone with the intention of trafficking the drug, they are liable to life imprisonment.
Oxycodone falls under part 1 of Hong Kong’s Chapter 134 Dangerous Drugs Ordinance. Trafficking (section 4) and manufacturing (section 6) is punishable by a fine in the amount of $5,000,000 Hong Kong dollars and/or life imprisonment. Possession of the drug without a license from the Department of Health is illegal and punishable by a fine in the amount of $1,000,000 HKD and/or seven years in prison. Only specific health professionals are allowed to distribute the drug and prescriptions. If a person is caught administering the drug without a proper prescription, that person can be fined $10,000 HKD (section 31).
The Narcotics Act (“Betäubungsmittelgesetz” or BtMG) places oxycodone in Appendix III. This law specifies that veterinarians, physicians and dentists are the only ones permitted to prescribe oxycodone. In addition, the federal government can regulate prescriptions.
If you or someone you know is suffering from an addiction to oxycodone, please know there is help. Call our toll free number now at (888) 371-5715 to talk to an admissions counselor about oxycodone addiction and treatment options.